Friday, March 18, 2016

Women in Constitution Assembly


Of the total 299 members of the assembly, 15 were women, left their mark on the making of the republic.
They used this platform to asserted their equality and crafting a politically balanced republic. 
AMMU SWAMINATHAN
Criticized the constitution as lengthy one and wanted a constitution to be of small volume shall enough to carry in pocket (friendly to common people)
In her debates and speeches she promoted and applauded equal rights given to Indian women by way of the constitution and expressed apprehension that whether it could bring real democracy to people.
ANNIE MASCARENE
Annie Mascarene’s speeches during the assembly debates reflected these issues: the need to find the right balance between power that would be given to the centre and to the provinces.
She emphasized that Centralization should be introduced at later stages, but not in the initial stages
BEGUM AIZAZ RASUL
Only muslim woman in the constituent assembly,
She moved several amendments for issues: like the need for ministers to hold office for a good period to get enough time to do work of real impact (She was in favor of Swiss method of single non transferrable vote)
She supported India’s membership to the Commonwealth, 
She opposed separate electorate and reservation for minorities.
Expressed concern over limitation put on fundamental rights.

DAKSHAYANI VELAYUDAN
A prominent dalit leader and first dalit woman to graduate in India. She wanted abolition of Untouchablility to be included in the constitution itself.
She opposed separate electorate and reservation for dalits ——- She wanted equality for dalits in all respects.
She advocated for abolition of forced labor or beggar and campaigned for decentralization
HANSA MEHTA
She opposed reservation for minorities, but, advocated reservation for Dalits due to historical injustice
Durgabai and Begum Aizaz
Advocated for non imposition of Hindi on non native speakers and promoted discussion on Independence of Judiciary
PURNIMA BANERJEE
Advocated  state’s control over religious instructions in schools so as to prevent imposition of religious ideals on Children. Supported progressive taxation and importance of giving separate identity to educational planning.
Advocated for humane treatment of arrested persons
RENUKA RAY
opposed to reservation of seats for women. Advocated for proper budget allocation for education

MCI changes recommended by parliamentary standing committee

The medical council of india a body of high stature to oversee , regulate the medical education, institutions and doctors of this country has recently being made to be subject to some changes given its actions and recourses.
The parliamentary standing committee has provided a report on the basis of various reports including the recent ranjit roy committee and asked for the following changes.
It provides that MCI be replaced with new set of bodies as the architecture of MCI does not fall in place with present times. It calls for shifting from election to nomination, making different bodies to handle different issues like education, registration of doctors differently , handling medical colleges to make concerted effort and bring overall change to the medical education system in india
It has also recommended to revamp the curriculum to be in line with the disease profile of the country , to train MBBS students in district hospitals for more rural experience and to include research work in PG to promote the R&D in the country
However the committee has not clearly defined some issues dealing with the medical education
The up gradation of district hospital to medical colleges has not been touched. The case was put forth to reduce govts cost of building additional medical colleges. If the issue is not clearly stated the privatization of district hospitals going on like in Andhra Rajasthan will keep away poor from receiving healthcare and prove to be counter productive
Also the need for a survey of medical colleges for their standard check is missing. The survey like done in US and Europe for standard medical education is important to stop producing least quality doctors and decline the healthcare system
Health is an important aspect along with education for the growth of a country and the body and authority controlling and regulating it has to be of high stature and ethical sense.

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