Wednesday, January 6, 2016

EL NINO, LA NINA

WHAT IS EL NINO: Unusual warm water appears in Eastern Pacific Ocean off Peruvian Coast.
Drought situation in Australia, Southeast Asia and Africa. Floods in Brazil and USA Midwest.
WHAT IS LA NINA: Unusual cold water appears in Eastern Pacific Ocean off Peruvian Coast.
EFFECTS ON AGRICULTURE MARKET
EL NINO:
1) America Continent
a) Lower corn yields, harvest of summer crops delayed due to increased rainfall
b) Frequent rains reduce tilling and yiled of winter wheat
c) Yield of winter vegetables such as tomato, bell pepper,sweet corn are lower
d) Fungal and bacterial diseases pose higher risks
2) Drought conditions in South Aisa
a) Reduce coconut and palm yields, higher and more volatile prices for these products
b) production of bananas and plantains for local consumption could be adversely affected by prolonged drought
c) Commodities prices rise especially sugar, pulses and edible oil.
d) livestock and the fisheries are affected severely by the drought.
LA NINA:
1) American Continent
a) Cold water from Peruvian coast brings nutrients (up-welling) leads to improved fishing
b) Wheat Yields and corn yields are higher
c) Less Fungal and Bacterial diseases
d) Pasture crops yield is lowered
2) Intensified Monsoon in South Asian region, increases overall crop production

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