Awarded Nobel Prize winners have contributed revolutionarily in developing drugs to fight malaria and other tropical diseases that are river blindness and Lymphatic filariasis. With the rising cases of death due to these diseases across the world these drugs is acting positively to contain them.
Significance of these discoveries:
1. Malaria: it is a mosquito-borne disease that erupts mainly in developing countries which has affected specifically the poor. It is being estimated that malaria still kills around 500,000 people a year, mostly in Africa, despite efforts to control it. Newly created drug will be trying to provide early response and will also immunise person from further threats.
2. River blindness: with the redesigned extraction process of drug it has huge potential to reduce cases of river blindness.
3. Lymphatic filariasis: which lead to swelling of the limbs and genitals, called elephantiasis, and it’s primarily a threat in Africa and Asia. Since the newly developed drug is cheaper it will primarily reduce cases where huge cost on treatment is impossible for the people.
Hence these discoveries have provided powerful new means to combat these debilitating diseases that affect hundreds of millions of people annually.