Thursday, January 8, 2015

NGOs

Do you think the activities of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in India should be regulated by an independent regulatory body? Critically discuss the various issues related to accountability of NGOs and government’s role in ensuring the same. (200 Words)

NGOs are playing a major role in the welfare and development of the society throughout India. These are working independently without profit after getting registered with government.
Current measures of regulation:
1. Renewal of registration under society registration act every 5 years.
2. Annual submission of income and expenditure.
3. Foreign contribution regulation act under ministry of home affairs for regulation of foreign fund.
4. State NGO acts.
Concerns:
1. Only about 10% of the over 22 lakh NGOs filed their annual income.
2. IB report about interference of foreign agencies in India through NGOs.
3. Some states lack NGO acts.
4. Large number –over 22 lakh.
5. Rise of fake NGOs.
6. Misappropriation of funds.
Considering the above factors a central and state regulatory body for NGOs is a necessity.
NGOs must ensure their accountability to government’s by submitting Annual reports, income and expenditure statements and working towards national development on national interest. Some recent issues like foreign funding of Maoist groups, separatist forces, green peace foundation, kudankulam protests, anna hazare movement raised questions about NGO’s objectives.
What government can do?
1. Strengthening the implementation of regulatory measures-annual reports, budget.
2. Establishing regulatory bodies.
3. Punishment measures-cancelling grants, revoking accreditations etc.
4. Surveillance through various agencies.
NGOs are an inevitable part of a country. It’s the responsibility of the government to regulate and shaping them as a tool of development .

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